For a decade now, countless studies in both the U.S. and U.K, along with myriad government-appointed panels that have reviewed them, have found that – in no meaningful sense – is there a "Gulf War Syndrome:" GWS is simply any illness any Gulf vet (or spouse or child of one) has or thinks he has. Since most studies are government-funded, veterans-advocacy groups and antiwar activists have insisted theres been a massive government cover-up. Ironically, now there is.
The panels science director endorsed this book in 2003. So much for objectivity.
In doing so, it ignored that rates of both illness and death are lower among Gulf vets are no higher than those of comparable vets who didnt deploy; theyre also far lower than those of comparable civilians. It also ignored the utter lack of commonality in symptoms, except that many studies have found GW vets have higher levels of stress-related illness.
Activists have attributed at least 123 symptoms to this "will-o-the-wisp" syndrome, as former New England Journal of Medicine editor Marcia Angell described it to the New York Times." They include aching muscles, aching joints, abdominal pain, bruising, shaking, vomiting, fevers, irritability, fatigue, weight loss, weight gain, heartburn, bad breath, hair loss, graying hair, rashes, sore throat, itching, sore gums, constipation, sneezing, nasal congestion, leg cramps, hemorrhoids, hypertension, insomnia, and headaches.
Anybody who hasnt had most of the above symptoms is probably an android. But when a non-vet gets a cough, its called "a cough." If a Gulf vet gets one, its called GWS.
Among the causes that have been offered and rejected are: the insect repellant DEET thats been on the market since the 1950s and is used by about a third of all Americans, depleted uranium (DU) shells that are less radioactive than uranium rock, flies, oil-well fires, Aflatoxin mold, and even exposure to Scud-missile fuel. But as with a mirage, each has disappeared upon close examination.
As its bogeyman, the latest Advisory Committee claimed a "Growing body of evidence indicates an important component of [GWS] is neurological [and] supports a probable link with neurotoxic exposures during the war." It primarily focused on nerve gas exposure.
This is what real sarin gas exposure does. It doesnt wait 10 years and then make your joints ache.
But the Defense Department also observed that exposure levels were too low for the sarin to have caused any illnesses. It noted that the amount required to incapacitate somebody was 2,700 times what the average soldier received. A lethal dose would be 7,700 times higher. So in no real sense were those soldiers exposed. Further, studies since then have found no increased illness among vets in this 100,000 group.
The Advisory Committee insists it can reject previous findings because of new evidence. Yet the IOM issued its own findings at almost the same time concluding "not enough evidence to draw conclusions as to whether long-term health effects are associated with low-dose exposures" of sarin – much less miniscule-dose exposure.
Dr. Harold C. Sox, editor of the prestigious Annals of Internal Medicine and the head of the first IOM committee to investigate GWS, told me the VA panel drew conclusions the IOM did not, "with largely the same evidence." Sox criticized the panel, saying that unlike the IOM it laid down no ground rules for how much evidence would be required to come to a conclusion. In other words, they could come to a conclusion with no evidence.
Anthony Principi: Like any good bureaucrat, hes trying to spend taxpayer dollars as quickly as possible. Legitimizing GWS will surely help.
For example, Principi picked Lea Steele of Kansas State Universitys College of Human Ecology to be the panels science director a year after she provided a back-cover endorsement for a book supporting the GWS thesis and the same month she expressed her prejudices in congressional testimony.
Another member, Dr. Robert Haley of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, is the most prominent GWS activist physician in the country. He says the governments past denial of GWS has been a "10-year misadventure." Haley has been bankrolled since 1994 by GWS advocate H. Ross Perot. "At the least, this indicates the possibility of a conflict of interest," says Sox.
Further, Principi plans to keep on stacking the deck. He accepted the panels advice to direct research funding only towards areas that might support its conclusion. "Ive made it clear none of the $15 million [to be spent on GWS research next year] will be allocated for studies related to stress," he announced. We must not tolerate further medical journal articles with such titles as "Posttraumatic Stress Symptomology Is Associated with Unexplained Illness Attributed to Persian Gulf War Military Service."
Whats truly sad about all this is that even as we give sick Gulf vets false hope that their particular illnesses can be cured in some way differently from the same illness in other people, we give healthy vets false fears that theyll carry throughout their lives. Dont our heroes deserve better?